Use of the CometChip® for the in vitro, in vivo and Fpg-modifed assay


comet assay
in vivo
in vitro

How to Cite

Collía, M., Vettorazzi, A., López de Cerain, A., & Azqueta, A. (2023). Use of the CometChip® for the in vitro, in vivo and Fpg-modifed assay. Spanish Journal of Environmental Mutagenesis and Genomics, 27(1), 45. Retrieved from


The high throughput 96 macrowell system with a spatially encoded array of microwells patterned in agarose, has gained in popularity in recent years. The commercial version (CometChip®) has only been used when applying the standard in vitro version of the assay, and comparisons with the more commonly used protocols, such as the 2 gels/slide, have not been published. In this work, new protocols to allow the adoption of the enzyme-modified comet assay as well as the analysis of in vivo samples were developed. Results obtained using the CometChip® were compared with those obtained with the classic 2 gels/slide version.

TK6 cells were treated with different concentrations of methyl methanesulfonate (MMS) or hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), for the standard version of the assay, or potassium bromate (KBrO3) in the case of the enzyme-modified version. Appropriate solvents were used as negative controls. For the in vivo comet assay, snap frozen samples of liver, kidney and duodenum were obtained from Wistar rats orally dosed with 200 mg/kg MMS and sacrificed after 3 hours.

Adapting CometChip® protocol for the use of the enzyme formamidopyrimidine DNA glycosylase (Fpg) requires modifications in washing steps before the enzyme incubation, together with changes in overlay agarose and enzyme concentrations. In the case of the analysis of in vivo samples, adjustments in the temperature of certain steps were needed. After adapting the CometChip® protocol, results obtained in the in vitro standard and Fpg-modified comet assay and in the in vivo assay are comparable to the ones obtained when using the 2 gels/slide protocol. It is important to note that different systems need different protocols to obtain comparable results.

Financial support: Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (BIOGENSA2, PID2020-115348RB-I00), European Commission (PARC, ID 101057014).

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2023 Spanish Journal of Environmental Mutagenesis and Genomics


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